Our foresters appoint logging methods, taking into account the labour costs and funds for the procurement of 1 m3 of wood as well as the costs of development of the cutting area of 1 hectare. With clear-cutting labour, logging and transportation costs are less than in a selective and gradual logging. However, for our foresters logging is considered as a function of expenditure of labour and funds to forest regeneration.
Forest productivity in selective and gradual cutting areas is higher than in the forests using clear-harvesting methods. So, in a completely different age pine and spruce stands of the taiga on well-drained soils with a long-gradual felling can be obtained from a unit area of 15-20%. In the pine forests of selective cutting in comparison with clear-cutting technique contributes to the comprehensive productivity. In other words clear cuttings contributes handsomely to forest getting large of number of nuts, seeds, increasing water conservation and protective role of the forest.
Aurelius Trading aims to deliver extra value to the customer with no harm to the community that we are a part of both in Siberia and in Ryazan. The description below details the exact approach we take to harvesting our timber, step by step.
The different age structure of standing forests, different peculiarities of the climates, different purposes of forests, - these and many more other factors dictate that forest management operations are undertaken in different times of the year and follow strict regalement based on the individual forest and/or forestry requirements.
In the oak forests of Ryazan we begin to harvest when all leaves fall off, by the time it is end of January we stop with cutting down the oak. By February the tree gets is juice and starts to produce juvenile wood which is food for various insects such fungi.
In pure pine and cedar forests in Siberia ecologically sustainable harvesting takes place in late-autumn and early-winter in low-lands. In the mixed cedar and larch forests of northern taiga the harvesting commences with first frost when swampy areas of taiga freeze and ice roads may be laid, until the snow melts. In this brief period of time all the necessary economic, sanitary and ecological activities need to be undertaken.
Thinning, continuous cutting and cutting plants updates can be carried out throughout the year, but preferably prior to the establishment of deep snow.
Sanitary and reconstructive felling, thinning, removing the deciduous storey, in forest massifs with berries, sections on permafrost, as well as poorly drained soils and in the protected areas, - all are carried out in late autumn and later during the winter on the frozen ground.
In this very harsh climate the work done in temperate climate over the course of the year needs to be done in just half of that time in taiga lacking infrastructure and in the freezing cold.
All harvesting for all of our species is carried out when the conditions for the heartwood of the cut trees are the best for their physico-mechanical properties. The best properties are attained before the new vegetation season, in the late autumn and winter for larch, european oak, and siberian larch.
Continue reading at the harvesting process and equipment section.