To learn more, please visit the microclimate and logging sites section for this region.
The climate of the Ryazan region, located in the temperate zone, is temperate continental with warm summers and moderately cold winters. Regional climatic conditions are determined by the size of the solar radiation, the peculiarities of the circulation of air masses, the nature of the underlying surface, and in some areas, by human activities.
The forest mass composition of Ryazan’s region is as follows: 43% Common Pine, 35% Birch, 9% European Oak, 2% Aspen, 2% Fir and 5% other. Despite the large presence of common pine, the other species grow in what are known as broadleaf tree species forests.
The main method of harvesting in broad-hardleaf tree species forests we employ logging technique known as Gradual Cutting.
Gradual Cutting is a method of logging whereby forest stand is cut down in the logging area for several tricks during one or two classes of age. The logging method is designed for preliminary renewal, it gives the best result when under the canopy of a ripe stand there is a healthy pool of adolescent representatives of the main breed.
The cutting should be carried out in such a way that the abandoned tree stand can successfully seed the logging site, protect the young generation from fluctuations, prevent soil from sinking and not impede the growth of self-seeding. After the final removal of the remains of the old stand, there usually remains young growth with the predominance of the main breed. In the forests of fresh maple-lime oak forests, where previous use of other logging techniques (intermingled, Group selection, etc.) gave favourable results for natural regeneration, we without doubt will re-use in the future. In water protection areas we implement only group-selective and voluntary-selective logging.
Albeit main method being clear-cutting, we implement as much as possible voluntary cutting because of its extra environmental benefits. These include increased resistance to disease and damage, helps to retain the predominance of the main breed; while the gene pool and the species diversity of flora and fauna are preserved. Because of such built-in qualities selective cutting contributes to the healthiness of forests, thus reducing not only the costs of natural renewal and forest care, but also reduces the need for sanitary cutting.
Continue reading at the microclimate and logging sites section for this region.